Hort Notes, pp. This whole paragraph is set apart by itself in the critical editions of Tischendorf and Tregelles.
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Besides this, it is placed within double brackets by Westcott and Hort, and followed by the wretched supplement derived from Cod. B at the end of every other book of Scripture. No such peculiarity attaches to Cod. The testimony of L, that close companion of B, is very suggestive. Immediately after ver. Burgon's facsimile , facing his page our facsimile No. Besides these, the twelve verses are omitted in none but some old Armenian codices 4 and two of the Ethiopic, k of the Old Latin, and an Arabic Lectionary [ix] No. Not unlike is the marginal note in Hunt. Of cursive Greek manuscripts , , which Birch had hastily reported as marking the passage with an asterisk, each contains the marginal annotation given below, which claims the passage as genuine, with no asterisk at all, like 36 and others with an ordinary mark of reference from the text to the note, where of course it is repeated.
The kindred Codd. Matthew's Gospel see p. In Codd. It would be no marvel if Eusebius, the author of this harmonizing system, had consistently acted upon his own rash opinion respecting the paragraph, an opinion which we shall have to notice presently, and such action on his part would have added nothing to the strength of the adverse case.
But it does not seem that he really did so. These numerals appear in most manuscripts, and in all parts of them, with a good deal of variation which we can easily account for. In the present instance they are annexed to ver. Now this is none other than an extract from Victor of Antioch's [v] commentary on St. Mark, which they all annex in full to the sacred text, and which is expressly assigned to that Father in Codd.
Yet these very twenty-four manuscripts have been cited by critical editors as adverse to the authenticity of a paragraph which their scribes never dreamt of calling into question, but had simply copied Victor's decided judgement in its favour His appeal to the famous Palestine codices which had belonged to Origen and Pamphilus see p.
All other codices, e. ACD which is defective from ver. Mark , the Harkleian text, the Sahidic only ver. Mary Magdalene's Day, July 22 p. The earliest objector to vers. Jerome's recklessness in statement as been already noticed Vol. With regard to the argument against these twelve verses arising from their alleged difference in style from the rest of the Gospel, I must say that the same process might be applied — and has been applied — to prove that St. Paul was not the writer of the Pastoral Epistles to say nothing of that to the Hebrews , St.
John of the Apocalypse, Isaiah and Zechariah of portions of those prophecies that bear their names. Every one used to literary composition may detect, if he will, such minute variations as have been made so much of in this case, 13 either in his own writings, or in those of the authors he is most familiar with. Persons who, like Eusebius, devoted themselves to the pious task of constructing harmonies of the Gospels, would soon perceive the difficulty of adjusting the events recorded in vers.
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Alford regards this inconsistency more apparent than real, we believe as 'a valuable testimony to the antiquity of the fragment' N. The difficulty was both felt and avowed by Eusebius, and was recited after him by Severus of Antioch or whoever wrote the scholion attributed to him. Yet in the balance of probabilities, can anything be more unlikely than that St.
Mark broke off so abruptly as this hypothesis would imply, while no ancient writer has noticed or seemed conscious of any such abruptness?
We emphatically deny that such wild surmises 15 are called for by the state of the evidence in this case. Let us accord to these the weight which is their due: but against their verdict we can appeal to a vast body of ecclesiastical evidence reaching back to the earlier part of the second century; 16 to nearly all the versions; and to all extant manuscripts excepting two, of which one is doubtful.
So powerfully is it vouched for, that many of those who are reluctant to recognize St. Mark as its author, are content to regard it notwithstanding as an integral portion of the inspired record originally delivered to the Church. I have ventured but slowly to vouch for Tischendorf's notion, that six leaves of Cod. On mere identity of handwriting and the peculiar shape of certain letters who shall insist? Yet there are parts of the case which I know not how to answer, and which have persuaded even Dr. Having now arrived at this conclusion our inference is simple and direct, that at least in these leaves, Codd.
B, are obviously in no wise parallel in regard to their blank columns.
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Of which supplement Dr. Hort says unexpectedly enough, 'In style it is unlike the ordinary narratives of the Evangelists, but comparable to the four introductory verses of St. Luke's Gospel' Introduction, p. We ought to add that some Armenian codices which contain the paragraph have the subscription 'Gospel after Mark' at the end of verse 8 as well as of verse 20, as though their scribes, like Cod. L's, knew of a double ending to the Gospel. Burgon Guardian , July 12, speaks of seven manuscripts Codd.
This would be more significant if a space were left, as is not stated, at the foot of the preceding page. In Cod.
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The grievous misstatements of preceding critics from Wetstein and Scholz down to Tischendorf, have been corrected throughout by means of Burgon's laborious researches Burgon, pp. The minute variations between these several codices are given by Burgon Appendix E, pp. Taylor, Master of St. John's College, Cambridge, in The Expositor for July , quotes more evidence from Justin Martyr — hinting that some also remains behind — proving that that Father was familiar with these verses. Also he cites several passages from the Epistle of Barnabas in which traces of them occur, and from the Quartodeciman controversy, and from Clement of Rome.
The value of the evidence which Dr. Taylor's acute vision has discovered consists chiefly in its cumulative force. From familiarity with the passage numerous traces of it arose; or as Dr.
Question Mark: Understanding the Gospel of Mark
Taylor takes the case reversely, from the fact of the occurrence of numerous traces evident to a close observer, it is manifest that there pre-existed in the minds of the writers a familiarity with the language of the verses in question. It is surprising that Dr. Hort, who lays very undue stress upon the silence of certain early Christian writers that had no occasion for quoting the twelve verses in their extant works, should say of Cyril of Jerusalem, who lived about A.
To our mind it is not at all negative. Preaching on a Sunday, he reminds his hearers of a sermon he had delivered the day before, and which he would have them keep in their thoughts. He must inevitably have used Mark xvi. Nor were these verses used in the Greek Church only. Hence Cod. A very able and really conclusive plea for the genuineness of the paragraph, as coming from that Evangelist's pen, appeared in the Baptist Quarterly , Philadelphia, July, , bearing the signature of Professor J.
Broadus, of South Carolina. Unfortunately, from the nature of the case, it does not admit of abridgement. Burgon's ninth chapter pp. Even Dr. When Burgon ventures upon a surmise, one which is probability itself by the side of those we have been speaking of, Professor Abbot ubi supra , p.
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