How are interests and attitudes communicated between them, and how are decision-makers held accountable for their actions as representatives? Most scholars agree that political parties are the key unit for establishing this linkage Dalton, ; Dalton, Farrell and McAllister, However, general societal changes, such as the erosion of the class based society and technological development in communication have changed the role of political parties. Parties have less control over political communications and voting has become less predictable Dalton ; Drummond ; Hjarvard Political personalization is a multifaceted phenomenon.
Three main types of political personalization can be identified: institutional, media and behavioral personalization. These can be further categorized into sub-types: institutional personalization at the state and at the party level; personalization of mediated or controlled or unmediated or uncontrolled media; and personalization in the behavior of politicians and voters Rahat and Sheafer, Furthermore, personalization may be about focus on leaders centralized personalization or about focus on individual politicians beyond party leaders decentralized personalization see Balmas et.
Studies of political personalization have investigated the importance of political leaders and individual candidates for vote choice see for instance Bittner, ; Costa Lobo and Curtice ; Garzia, Other studies focus on how media controlled and uncontrolled attention has turned towards individual politicians rather than parties see for instance Hermans and Vergeer. Also, personalization has been studied in relation to the distribution of power within political parties investigating to what extent power centralizes in the hands of the party leadership Poguntke and Webb, or decentralizes making individual politicians act more independently of their party Balmas et al.
Recent studies has also illuminated the institutional aspects of political personalization Colomer, ; Renwick and Pilet, Personalization of politics and personalized politics may seem to be an obvious result of the weakening links between political parties and society and individuals and the developments in communication techniques especially the new, unmediated, media. Yet, empirical evidence is scarce and sometimes contradictory Karvonen, ; Adam and Maier, ; Van Aelst, Sheafer, and Stanyer, Moreover, the study of personalization is important for the study of democracy in general because it challenge the key role of political parties and thus the main model of democracy in parliamentary system, that of party democracy Katz, However, the conceptual understanding of personalization as well as the theoretical explanations of why and when personalization sets in still need to be developed, and, as noted, the empirical evidence of personalization is still scarce and inconclusive.
Therefore, the purpose of this workshop is to bring scholars together that investigates different aspects of personalization and personalized politics, to engage in discussions of how to conceptualize, explain and measure personalization.
Relation to existing research If in the past, the study of personalization focused on the United States Wattenberg, , , over the last decade the research on personalization has spread to additional cases, leading to extensive discussions of how to understand and investigate personalization in parliamentary democracies See for example: Adam and Meir, ; Blondel and Thiebault.
The workshop seeks to bring scholars together working on the various aspects of personalization and personalized politics and that study different political systems in order to facilitate exchange of ideas and to develop stronger connections between researchers in the field. Literature Adam, S. Salmon ed.
Platform or Personality?: The Role of Party Leaders in Elections - Oxford Scholarship
Communication Yearbook New York: Routledge, pp. Balmas, M. Two routes to personalized politics: Centralized and decentralized personalization, Party Politics, 20 1 : Bittner, A. Platform or Personality? Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Political Personalization and Personalized Politics
Blondel, J. London: Routledge. Calise, Mauro. International Encyclopedia of Political Science. London: SAGE. Curtice eds. Personality Politics? Dalton, R. Dalton and M. Wattenberg eds. Parties without Partisans. Farrell and I. Drummond, A. Personalization of Politics and Electoral Change.
London: Palgrave. Hermans, L. Hjarvard, S. Katz, R.
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Additionally, the DP government began showing a deep authoritarian streak. In the years ahead, the DP increasingly suppressed opposition within their own party and with that of rival parties and stifled the press. The military feared that the founding principles of the Turkish Republic were being eroded, and there was growing public dissatisfaction with Menderes' perceived intolerance of criticism.
The military junta stayed in power for the next eighteen months, trying several top DP leaders for unconstitutional rule and high treason. Three of them, including Menderes, were executed.
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Five others, including Bayar, were sentenced to life imprisonment. The party was officially suppressed on September 29, In November , at what was declared to be the party's 5th Grand Conference, several former members relaunched the Democrat Party under the same name and emblem. He led until a crippling road accident in The relaunched Democratic Party never entertained mainstream politics, and did not participate in Turkey's elections of November From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the historical Democrat Party in Turkey. For the party established in , see Democratic Party Turkey, For the new party of the name founded in , see Democrat Party Turkey, current.https://vertcorfisi.tk
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Democrat Party. Politics of Turkey Political parties Elections. Hoover Institution. Beyond Military Tutelage? Lexington Books. Problematizing the intellectual and political vestiges: From 'welfare' to 'justice and development'. Turkey: The Quest for Identity. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, Popular Movements and Democratization in the Islamic World. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. Comparative Politics, Vol. Published by: Ph. Cambridge University Press. Historical parties in Turkey. Celal Bayar Adnan Menderes Political parties in Turkey. Portal:Politics List of political parties Politics of Turkey.
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